Consuming blueberries has actually been shown to directly increase antioxidant levels in your body. Antioxidants protect against the potentially harmful effects of free radicals, which are linked to ageing, cancer and other inflammatory diseases. The main antioxidant compounds in blueberries belong to a family of antioxidants called flavonoids. One group of flavonoids particular — anthocyanins — is thought to be responsible for much of these berries’ beneficial health effects.